Oil spills cause a lot of damage to underwater communities affected by oil. The use of dispersants for oil spills is sometimes controversial due to misunderstandings about the principle of oil spill and the lack of knowledge of the limitations of alternative response techniques. These dispersants are chemical products specifically designed for marine cleaning. They are designed exclusively to deal with the problems associated with oil spills related to maritime affairs and the professional cleaning operations that follow spillage. Expanded marine technology has made it easier to deal with oil spill problems with improved oil spill dispersants
The main purpose of the spill oil spills is to remove spilled oil from the surface of the sea and transfer it to the water column where fast is diluted to harmful concentrations and then degraded. Dispersants reduce damage caused by floating oil to some resources such as seabirds and minimize damage that can be caused to shoreline susceptibility by spraying the dispersants onto the oil before it reaches the shore. However, the use of dispersants may present a small risk of temporary and local exposure to dispersed oil for some marine organisms.
Oil spill sprays do not work to remove oil from the water. Instead, they break big oil fields into much smaller pieces that make it easier for all marine creatures to deal with it. Below, the dispersants also facilitate the spreading of spilled oil more widely in the atmosphere. Although everyone's attention is to do everything possible to prevent oil entering the coastline, it is often overlooked that it has a great effect on marine underground organisms caused by oil. These days, robots are used underwater to spraying oil dispersing agents directly onto the oil as they spread to the ocean floor.
The use of oil spill dispersants is a controversial topic, as many people think they add to the damage caused by pollution. However, there are other groups of people who support its use, as this is the fastest and most effective means of reducing the damage likely to be caused by spillage. All the evidence gathered during thirty years of research shows that there is little risk for marine life when using dispersants compared to the direct effects of spillage. It has been scientifically proven that the use of dispersants can be an effective method for removing oil spills and is unlikely to cause oil spills to cause negative effects unless they are used in shallow waters or near particularly sensitive species  Even in cases where oil spill sprays can cause negative effects, the positive benefit from using them may exceed this in order to obtain a net environmental benefit. Nevertheless, any use of dispersants should be carefully planned and explained to anyone who might be affected by a spill